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Nerve Damage: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Your nervous system is also responsible in everything that your body does. From sense of touch (Sensory Nerves) to governing actions and movements (Motor Nerves) to controlling involuntary body functions such as blood pressure, digestion, heart rate, and temperature regulation (Autonomic Nerves), the nerves play a very important role in your body functions.

What is a Nerve Damage?

Nerve damage is any kind of injury no matter how mild or severe it might be. There three main forms of nerve damage. These are: Neurotmesis, Axonotmesis, and Neurapraxia.

  • Neurotmesis – Most severe form of nerve damage, resulting to complete loss of nerve function.
  • Axonotmesis – Less severe form of nerve damage, resulting from crush or too much pressure from injuries.
  • Neurapraxia – Mildest form of nerve damage, allowing complete recovery within just days, weeks, or months.

Causes of Nerve Damage

There are at least 100 types of damage to the nerves, and these have various causes. However, most nerve damage cases are more common with age and in people with diabetes. Other possible causes may also include:

  • Autoimmune diseases such as Guillain-Barre Syndrome where immune system attacks peripheral nerves
  • Cancer
  • Trauma/Compression
  • Toxic substances and Drug side-effects (i.e. medications such as chemotherapy; toxic substances such as mercury, lead, arsenic, etc)
  • Infectious diseases (i.e. HIV, Hepatitis C, etc.)
  • Motor-Neuron diseases (i.e. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis)
  • Nutritional deficiencies including Vitamins B6 and B12 deficiency

Symptoms of a Nerve Damage

Nerve damage can have various symptoms, depending on the location and the type of affected nerves. (note: Nerve damage may occur in ANY part of your body including your brain, your spinal cord, and etc.)

Sensory nerve damage symptoms:

  • pain 
  • numbness 
  • sensitivity
  • burning sensation
  • tingling sensation
  • problems with positional awareness

Motor nerve damage symptoms:

  • muscle atrophy
  • twitching 
  • weakness
  • paralysis

Autonomic nerve damage symptoms:

  • dry eyes and mouth
  • sexual dysfunction
  • inability to feel chest pain (stroke)
  • too little/too much sweating
  • bladder dysfunction
  • lightheadedness
  • constipation

Treatment for Nerve Damage

Nerve damage can't be entirely cured in most cases. However, there are number of treatments that can possibly reduce its symptoms which are:

  • pain relievers
  • tricyclic anti-depressant drugs
  • anti-seizure drugs

In many instances, your doctor may prescribe treatment for underlying diseases that may cause nerve damage. Goals of these treatments include:

  • regulating your blood sugar level (if you have diabetes)
  • correcting your nutritional deficiencies
  • changing your medications (if it's causing nerve damage)
  • surgery or physical therapy for nerve compression/trauma
  • providing medications (for autoimmune diseases)

Alternative medicines that repairs nerve damage are also considered as one of the best approaches that greatly helps in alleviating pain and discomfort on the affected area(s).

Facts About Gout

"Unbearable pain", "pain that's worse than a broken bone", "the most painful pain", these are some of the words that people with gout use when asked about it. Words such as "burning", "excruciating", and "boiling" are said to be the words that best describe gout pain. But what exactly is "Gout"?

What is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis caused by too much uric acid build up in the body. It can affect anyone, but it's most common in men 40-50 years old and above.

Most people experience first attack of gout in the big toe. The toe can be very painful and swollen, sore, or warm, usually wakes the person from sleep. Gout attack may also include: 

  • tenderness
  • swelling
  • sharp pain
  • redness
  • stiffness in joints
  • heat

Gout attack don't just affect the big toe, it can also affect ankles, heels, insteps, knees, elbows, wrists, and fingers. The attacks can last for a few days, or even weeks, before the pain lapses.

What Causes Gout?

Too much uric acid in the blood causes gout. Having very high level of uric acid in the blood may form hard crystals in the joints, which can trigger a gout attack. You're more likely get a chance of having gout if you:

  • Drink too much alcohol
  • Are Obese/Overweight
  • Eat too much fish and meat with purines
  • Take some medications such as diuretics drugs (to treat high blood pressure)
  • Have a family member with gout
  • Have an enzyme defect, making it hard for your body to break down purines

How is it Diagnosed?

To diagnose gout, your physician may ask about the symptoms your experiencing, your family's medical history of gout, and your lifestyle (alcohol intake, diet, maintenance medicine, etc).

Your physician will also perform a physical exam, may take a sample fluid from your joint to check for uric acid crystals, and may do a blood test to measure the amount of uric acid in your blood. 

How Gout is Treated?

To treat a gout attack, it's important to reduce the inflammation very quickly to relieve pain and end the attack much sooner. Your physician may give you medications such as:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Corticosteroid (i.e. prednisone)
  • Colchicine (to be taken within the first 12 hours of gout attack)

You may also want to take natural treatment to control gout attack if you're concerned about the side-effects of conventional medicines, or apply an ice (during an attack) to help ease the inflammation in addition to medicine you prefer.

What You Can Do

To stay healthy and to prevent future attacks, it's advisable that you follow your physician and take your medicines as directed. You must also be honest with your physician including telling about your lifestyle (drinking alcohol) and all the medications and vitamins that you take. You may also want to plan a follow up visits with your physician, eat a balanced healthy diet (avoiding food high in purines), maintaining a healthy body weight, exercising regularly, and drinking moderately.

note: extreme weight loss may also increase uric acid level in the blood; lose weight safely.

Warning: Liver Disease Can Be Fatal!

Liver is one of the biggest organs in your body and plays a very important role to your health. One of its functions is that it filters toxins from your blood – except in your kidneys – and filters body toxins brought by food, medicines, and alcohol.

Liver also has a major role in the production of proteins, which are necessary for transporting nutrients and for blood clotting. It also produces bile, which helps in the digestion of fats and carbohydrates from what you eat. Many nutrients are also stored in your liver such as:

  • Iron
  • Copper
  • Fat-soluble vitamins
  • Certain fats
  • Vitamins A, D, and K
  • Vitamin B12

Our liver is one of our body's most important organ. And just like any other organ in our body, once abused, our liver also gets tired and worst, die. When this happens, you can never bring your liver back to its normal state.

Understanding Liver Disease

A liver disease (or also referred to as 'hepatic disease') is any disorder of liver function that causes an illness. It's actually a broad term that may cover all potential problems, which causes the liver not able to perform its duties and functions. 

There are various of reasons as to how the liver loses its ability to perform its functions. These are:

  • Alcohol abuse – One of the most common causes of liver disease is alcohol abuse. Frequent alcohol intake brings lots of toxins to liver cells, thus, causing liver inflammation, which is referred to as alcoholic hepatitis.
  • Hepatitis B or C virus – Another cause of liver inflammation is acquiring infections such as Hepatitis B or C virus. These viruses are spread through blood transfusion, exposure to body fluids, and sexual contact. 
  • Fatty liver – In some cases, accumulation of fats cause damage to the liver, thus, causes inflammation and decreased function.
  • Some medications – Some medications such as Tylenol, Panadol, etc, can cause temporary liver inflammation, but could also cause permanent ( through drug overdose) liver damage.
  • Hereditary diseases – Hemochromatosis and Wilson's Disease are hereditary diseases that can damage the liver. The diseases involves accumulation of iron and inability to metabolize copper.
  • Other diseases and conditions – Such diseases and conditions include portal hypertension

Common Signs and Symptoms

Most common signs and symptoms of liver disease are the following:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Jaundice
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Persisting fever

Symptoms Due to Certain Condition

  • For people with gallstones – vomiting after eating fatty foods, right upper abdominal pain, and fever (infected gallbladder).
  • Cirrhosis – itching, easy bruising, muscle wasting, enlarged breast (in men), erectile dysfunction, and lethargy.

Treatment

There's a specific treatment for every liver disease. For example, people with gallstones may need to undergo surgery to remove the gallbladder; and medications may be required to people with cirrhosis. But in any case, the best way to avoid liver diseases is to prevent it from occurring. You can do this by changing your lifestyle (avoiding too much alcohol), eating proper diet, exercising, and taking health supplements to help improve liver function.

What is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure or also known as hypertension or HBP for some, is a medical condition where pressure in the arteries are elevated. It is usually called a "silent disease" as it shows no symptoms even for years. However, even though it can go undetected, it can still damage your tissues and your other organs. 

People with high blood pressure have their heart work harder than it should normally be. It intensely pumps blood to your distant tissues and organs, giving it a lot of pressure. Now if the pressure isn't controlled, it strains your heart will become enlarged that it makes its arteries less flexible, hardened, and scarred. When this happens, your heart will not be able to pump and transport blood to its arteries, which may eventually lead to heart attack and stroke

High blood pressure is caused by a number of factors that includes the following:

  • Genes/Your family's medical history
  • Your lifestyle
  • Underlying disease
  • Overweight/Obesity
  • Too much alcohol
  • Too much salt
  • Inactivity/Less activity

High blood pressure also leads to other diseases such as kidney disease, some forms of dementia, and eye damage.

Signs and Symptoms of HBP

High blood pressure doesn't usually have signs or symptoms. Therefore, the only way to know is to have it checked through regular blood pressure check up. However, one high blood pressure result doesn't necessarily mean that you have hypertension. Remember that there are a lot of things that can greatly affect your blood pressure during the day. That is why it takes a lot of blood pressure check ups to see if it's consistently high. There are some people, though, that complains severe headache. But still, it is advisable to have a regular check up to confirm if you have the said condition.

When It Is Considered High?

Average blood pressure should not be exceeding 130/80 mm Hg. It is considered high when your blood pressure stays on 140/90 mm Hg. The target blood pressure should be less than 140/90, but for people with diabetes or organ damage, it should be less than 130/80. 

The following shows normal up to high ranges of blood pressure, and of when it is considered as hypertension:

 

Blood Pressure

Systolic

(mm Hg)

Diastolic

(mm Hg)

NORMAL RANGE:    
Optimal 120 or less 80 or less
Normal 130 and less 80 and less
High Normal 130 – 139 80 – 89
     
HYPERTENSION:    
Mild (Stage 1) 140 – 159 90 – 99
Moderate (Stage 2) 160 – 179 100 – 109
Severe (Stage 3) 180 and higher 110 and higher

 

Above 180/110 mm Hg is very dangerous and needs immediate medical attention; and it could be life threatening if your blood pressure reached 200/120 mm Hg.

High Blood Pressure Treatments

There are various medicines for high blood pressure. The four main types are: ACE Inhibitors, Calcium channel blockers, Thiazide diuretics, and Angiotensin receptor blockers. These medications are known to lower down your blood pressure in various ways. There are people, though, that may have hypertension that is linked to other diseases such as diabetes. In this case, treatment for diabetes may greatly help in lowering down your blood pressure back to its normal range. 

In many instances, high blood pressure can be controlled with lifestyle change such as having a healthy diet, a regular exercise, and taking some health supplements to provide enough vitamins and minerals that the body needs. 

Cancer and Deer Velvet Antler

Cancer is a dreaded disease – any type of it. Even just the thought of having cancer brings fear to a person. It's like a tragedy not just for the patient, but to the family of the patient as well.

There are many disadvantages of cancer. It brings anxiety, depression, and stress. It can also make a person experience severe pain, weakness, and extreme sadness. And what's worst is that it may lead to death. 

Cancer treatments such as radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and a lot of different kinds of medicines are generally expensive besides the fact that it brings discomfort (nausea, hair loss, and gastric disturbances are some of the side-effects during treatment). The patient is literally suffering from intense physical, mental, and emotional pain; and no words can ever describe what these individuals are going through.

For this reason, products that may help cancer patients control, if not fight, this dreadful disease are very important. Products such as deer velvet antler, which has its very own anti-cancer effects, is believed to greatly increase the efficacy of medicines and/or treatments for cancer. It also lowers down the negative side-effects of these treatments and medications, thus, reducing the patients' pain and suffering. 

CDDP, which is another name for cisplatin (chemotherapy agent which causes weight loss) when combined with velvet antler is believed to normalize weight during treatment. It is also believed that velvet antler increases the efficacy of CDDP on other types of cancer, thus, increasing survival rate.

Deer velvet antler has long history of use as a traditional medicine. Although there is not enough evidence that velvet antler can actually totally cure cancer, it still shows that it helps increase the survival rate of the cancer  patient. In some cases, it helps prevent the spread of cancer cells to other parts of the body, preventing a full-blown cancer. 

The Effects of Velvet Antler in Your Immune System

The Immune System – it has one of the most important roles in your body. It works by eliminating pathogens and tumor cells that could cause infections or diseases. If functioning properly, it protects you against germs and other microorganisms. But there are instances where it isn't, which leads to different health problems.

There are various illnesses or diseases caused by disorder of the immune system. It may include inflammatory diseases, autoimmune diseases, and cancer. If the immune system is not very active (known as immunodeficiency), it don't have the ability to fight viruses and bacteria anymore that leads to acquiring infectious diseases. On the other, if it's too active (known as autoimmunity), it can no longer identify normal tissues and begins to attack it as if they were foreign organisms. This results to many different autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes, to name some.

It's still not known why the immune system can not identify good and bad antibodies, thus, attacking them both. For this reason, what one can do is to control and find treatment for these autoimmune diseases (treatment for diabetes and treatment for rheumatoid arthritis). But there's a lot that you can do with weak immune function. Cytokines which can be found in deer antler velvet, helps in initiating immune response. Studies show that cytokines in velvet antler not just boost the immune system, but it also limits the spread of infections and diseases. It also increases your neutrophil level (type of white blood cell which is essential for fighting bacteria and other foreign organisms), thus, increases your ability to fight against diseases.

Your body's ability to fight or resist diseases and infections depends on how healthy or strong your immune system is. Living a healthy life like regular exercising and a healthy diet, backed-up with the right supplement such as deer velvet antler greatly helps in strengthening your immune system and keeping it in a tip-top shape.

Velvet Antler for a Better Sexual Performance

The problem with erectile dysfunction is: even though you have the desire to keep the heat alive, you don't have the ability to maintain an erection during a sexual intercourse. Erectile dysfunction, Impotence, or as simply as ED, is a problem faced by many men at any age. There are many different factors that could cause erectile dysfunction. Such factors are:

  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Problem with the penis itself (poor blood circulation)
  • Some medications for other health conditions
  • Other illnesses such as high blood pressure, heart problems, or diabetes
  • Pressure, Stress, and Anxiety

We're all aware that sexual function or having a satisfying sex life is one of the most important considerations in any relationship. Due to this, treatment for a disorder such as impotence is becoming very important. This is to improve the intimacy and the satisfaction of both the parties involved in a sexual intercourse. 

There have been a lot of evidence and reports that supports the successful treatment of erectile dysfunction with deer antler velvet use. For more than a thousand years ago, it has been used in China and Korea to treat problems with erection. They believed then that the velvet antler from a male deer can strengthen a person's overall body functions. Clinical studies and research later on discovered that the natural ingredients and compounds in velvet antler are the ones responsible in stimulating the hormones necessary for an enhanced sexual performance. It is also believed to be an effective aphrodisiac or sexual enhancer that increases libido of both men and women.

There is nothing to worry about if you sometimes encounter problems with erection. But if the dysfunction is persistent or happens too often, it may manifest a condition that needs an immediate treatment. 

What Is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of Arthritis. It's also called degenerative joint disease which mostly affect older people, causing joint pain. This medical condition involves gradual loss of cartilage, a connective tissue responsible in covering ends of your bones at a joint.

A healthy cartilage allows your bones to smoothly move over another. It acts like an elastic gel to provide low-friction surface for joints during movement. In osteoarthritis, though, the cartilage that covers the end of your bone breaks and wears away. This causes your bone to rub together resulting to swelling, pain, and decrease in joint function. And over time, these joints can lose its shape and osteophytes (bone spurs) could form along the edges of the joints due to an increased damage in joint's surface area. This usually causes more pain and stiffness of the joints. 

What Causes Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis gradually develops over time. Most common factors that could cause it include the following:

  • Getting older
  • Obesity
  • Endocrine problems (Diabetes, Hypothyroidism, Hyperparathyroidism, etc)
  • Joint injury or other fracture 
  • Other Inflammatory Joint Diseases (Rheumatoid Arthritis, Gout, etc)
  • Congenital defect 
  • Genetic defect
  • Bleeding disorder (Hemophilia)
  • Jobs or sports that would require squatting or kneeling for a long period of time or would involve direct impact on your joint.

Signs and Symptoms

It is possible for some individuals to might not have any signs of having osteoarthritis even though the X-ray shows evidence of it. For most people, however, the following are its most common symptoms:

  • Pain in one or more joints which usually gets worst at night or after a physical work.
  • Stiffness and swelling, making your joints difficult to move.
  • A noticeable crunching, rubbing, or crackling sound during movement.

Joints Affected

Osteoarthritis may affect any joint. But it often affects the joints in the following areas:

  • Hands and Fingers – fingers are enlarged which may be painful and stiff.
  • Knees and Feet- one of the most common areas to be affected which can actually lead to disability; symptoms show pain, stiffness, and swelling, making it difficult to run, climb, or even just to sit and walk.
  • Hip – most common area to be affected as well that could greatly limit the person's movements due to pain and stiffness. 
  • Spine – pain and stiffness which are mostly felt in the neck or lower back which may result to numbness or weakness up to the arms or legs areas. 

Diagnosis and Tests

Doctors usually use the following to diagnose or to rule out osteoarthritis:

  • Physical exam
  • Medical history
  • X-ray
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • Other medical tests such as blood tests

Treatment

Successful osteoarthritis treatment programs include the following:

  • Life-change which includes weight control and exercise to help reduce your risk of getting osteoarthritis or in maintaining joint movement.
  • Medications such as over-the-counter pain relievers and/or alternative medicines.
  • Non-drug pain relief such as physical therapy to improve joint function.
  • Surgery to repair or even replace damaged joints.
  • Rest to relieve stress and/or pressure on your joints.

Who's At Risk?

Millions of people from around the world suffer from osteoarthritis. And although it's most common among seniors, younger individuals, men or women, may still develop it as a result of congenital or genetic defects, fracture or injuries, or those who are overweight

Summary

Osteoarthritis is a debilitating disease that affects many. Symptoms may be different from one person to another, causing others to still perform any physical activity while others may not be capable of doing even just a simple daily task.

Yes, having osteoarthritis can actually be a burden as it limits your movement or your ability to function and live a normal life. So it's important to stay informed about the various treatments available to help you cope with osteoarthritis.